The Echo Command

In this article, we’re going to look at the echo command, which is useful for showing text on the terminal, as well as the contents of variables. Let’s get started!

Basic usage of the echo command

Basic usage of the echo command is very simple. For example:

echo "Hello World"

The output will be what you expect, it will echo Hello World onto the screen. You can also use echo to view the contents of a variable:

msg="Hello World" echo $msg

This also works for built-in shell variables as well:

echo $HOME

Additional Examples

As with most Linux commands, there’s definitely more that we can do with echo;than what we’ve seen so far.

Audible Alerts

You can also sound an audible alert with echo as well:

echo -e "aHello World"

The -e option allows you to change the format of the output while using echo.

echo -e "This is abLinux server."

The example used b within the command, which actually lets you call backspace, which gives you the same behavior as actually pressing backspace. In the above example, the letter “a” will not print, because b backspaces that.

Truncating

The ability to truncate, means you can remove something from the output. For example:

echo -e "This is a Linuxc server."

The output of the above command will actually truncate the word right after c, which means we’ll see the following output:

This is a Linux

Adding a new line

To force a new line to be created:

echo -e "This is a Linuxn server"

The output will end up becoming:

This is a Linux server.

Adding a tab character

To add a tab character to the output:

echo -e "This is at Linuxt server."

This will produce the following output:

This is a Linux server.

Redirecting output to a text file

Rather than showing the output on the terminal, we can instruct echo to instead send its output to a text file.

echo "Logfile started: $(date +'%D %T'$" > log.txt

Closing

The basics of the echo command were covered in this article. Of course, there’s more options where that came from – but this should be more than enough to get you started!

You can watch the tutorial here:

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