How do I install the extra repositories such as Fedora EPEL repo on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux server version 7.x or CentOS Linux server version 7.x?
You can easily install various packages by configuring a CentOS 7.x or RHEL 7.x system to use Fedora EPEL repos and third party packages. Please note that these packages are not officially supported by either CentOS or Red Hat, but provides many popular packages and apps. This quick tutorial explains how to configure a CentOS or Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) version 7.x to use the Fedora Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) repository.
Commands to install EPEL repo on a CentOS Linux and RHEL 7.x
The procedure to enable EPEL repository for a CentOS/RHEL 7.x server is as follows:
- Open a shell prompt.
- Or login to a host called server1 using ssh client.
- Install epel using the following command: yum -y install epel-release
- Refresh repo by typing the following command: yum repolist
How to install EPEL repo on a CentOS and RHEL 7.x
The following instructions assumes that you are running command as root user on a CentOS/RHEL 7.x system and want to use use Fedora Epel repository.
Method #1: Install Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux repository configuration (recommended)
Just type the following yum command on a CentOS 7 or RHEL 7:
sudo yum install epel-release
Note: If method #1 failed, try the following method #2 to install EPEL Repo.
Method #2: Install the extra EPEL repositories from dl.fedoraproject.org
The command is as follows to download epel release for CentOS and RHEL 7.x using wget command:
cd /tmp wget https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm ls *.rpm
To install epel-release-7-5.noarch.rpm, type:
sudo yum install epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.vbctv.in * extras: mirror.vbctv.in * updates: mirror.vbctv.in Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package epel-release.noarch 0:7-11 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ================================================================================ Package Arch Version Repository Size ================================================================================ Installing: epel-release noarch 7-11 extras 15 k Transaction Summary ================================================================================ Install 1 Package Total download size: 15 k Installed size: 24 k Is this ok [y/d/N]: y Downloading packages: epel-release-7-11.noarch.rpm | 15 kB 00:00 Running transaction check Running transaction test Transaction test succeeded Running transaction Installing : epel-release-7-11.noarch 1/1 Verifying : epel-release-7-11.noarch 1/1 Installed: epel-release.noarch 0:7-11 Complete!
List your new repos
Once installed you should see epel repo using the following yum repolist command
$ sudo yum repolist
Loaded plugins: amazon-id, rhui-lb repo id repo name status epel/x86_64 Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 7 - x86_64 5,610 rhui-REGION-client-config-server-7/x86_64 Red Hat Update Infrastructure 2.0 Client Configur 2 rhui-REGION-rhel-server-releases/7Server/x86_64 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 7 (RPMs) 4,718 repolist: 10,330
Search and install package
To list all available packages under a repo called epel, enter:
$ sudo yum --disablerepo="*" --enablerepo="epel" list available
$ sudo yum --disablerepo="*" --enablerepo="epel" list available | grep 'package'
$ sudo yum --disablerepo="*" --enablerepo="epel" list available | less
Example: Search and install htop package from epel repo on a CentOS/RHEL 7.x
The commands are as follows (see yum our command guide for more info):
## search it ## sudo yum search htop ## get more info, if found ## sudo yum info htop ## install it ## sudo yum install htop
And, there you have it, a larger number of packages to install from EPEL repo on a CentOS and Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) version 7.x.