Sosreport is a command in linux (RHEL / CentOS) which collects system configuration and diagnostic information of your linux box like running kernel version, loaded modules, and system and service configuration files. This command also runs external programs to collect further information, and stores this output in the resulting archive.
Sosreport is required when you have open a case with redhat for technical support. Redhat support Engineers will require sosreport of your server for troubleshooting purpose.
To run sosreport , sos package should be installed. Sos package is part of default installation in most of linux. If for any reason this package is no installed , then use below yum command to install sos package
# yum install sos
Generate the report
Open the terminal type sosreport command :
This command will normally complete within a few minutes. Depending on local configuration and the options specified in some cases the command may take longer to finish. Once completed, sosreport will generate a compressed a file under /tmp folder. Different versions use different compression schemes (gz, bz2, or xz).In case of RHEL 7.x sosreport compressed file is saved under the folder “/var/tmp” The file should be provided to Redhat support representative (normally as an attachment to an open case).
Note: sosreport requires root permissions to run.
Different Options used in sosreport command :
The sosreport command has a modular structure and allows the user to enable and disable modules and specify module options via the command line. To list available modules (plug-ins) use the following command:
# sosreport -l
To turn off a module include it in a comma-separated list of modules passed to the -n/–skip-plugins option. For instance to disable both the kvmand amd modules:
# sosreport -n kvm,amd
Individual modules may provide additional options that may be specified via the -k option. For example on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 installations the sos rpm module collects “rpm -Va” output by default. As this may be time-consuming the behavior may be disabled via:
# sosreport -k rpm.rpmva=off
As we have discussed above that sosreport will saved under either under /tmp or /var/tmp folder, in case if you want to save the sosreport to an alternate folder the use the parameter “–tmp-dir” followed by absolute path of new folder,
# sosreport --tmp-dir /var/log
In case you want to map the ticket number as well while creating SOS report then execute the following command,
# sosreport --tmp-dir /var/log --ticket-number xxxxxxxx
Also Read : How to Generate sosreport on Ubuntu 18.04 / Debian 9 Server